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13/10/2015

Jusepe de Ribera

José de Ribera (January 12, 1591 – September 2, 1652) was a Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker, better known as Jusepe de Ribera. He also was called Lo Spagnoletto ("the Little Spaniard") by his contemporaries and early writers. Ribera was a leading painter of the Spanish school, although his mature work was all done in Italy.
Ribera was born near Valencia, Spain at Xàtiva. He was baptized on February 17, 1591. His father was a shoemaker, perhaps on a large scale. His parents intended him for a literary or learned career, but he neglected these studies and is said to have apprenticed with the Spanish painter Francisco Ribalta in Valencia, although no proof of this connection exists. Longing to study art in Italy, he made his way to Rome via Parma, where he is recorded in 1611. According to one source, a cardinal noticed him drawing from the frescoes on a Roman palace facade, and housed him. Roman artists gave him the nickname "Lo Spagnoletto".

His early biographers generally rank him among the followers of Caravaggio. Very little documentation survives from his early years, with scholars speculating as to the precise time and route by which he came to Italy. Ribera was living in Rome no later than 1612, and is documented as having joined the Academy of Saint Luke by 1613. He lived for a time in the Via Margutta, and almost certainly associated with other Caravaggisti who flocked to Rome at that time, such as Gerrit van Honthorst and Hendrik ter Brugghen, among other Utrecht painters active in Rome by 1615. In 1616, Ribera moved to Naples, in order to avoid his creditors (according to Giulio Mancini, who described him as living beyond his means despite a high income). In November, 1616, Ribera married Caterina Azzolino, the daughter of a Sicilian-born Neapolitan painter, Giovanni Bernardino Azzolino, whose connections in the Neapolitan art world helped to establish Ribera early on as a major figure, whose presence was to bear a lasting impact on the art of the city.

More Jusepe de Ribera Paintings

 

St. Jerome, 1651

St. Jerome, 1651

The Trinity, 1635

The Trinity, 1635

Ecce Homo - Jusepe de Ribera

Ecce Homo - Jusepe de Ribera

Saint Сhristopher, 1637

Saint Сhristopher, 1637

St. Jerome and the Angel of Judgement, 1626

St. Jerome and the Angel of Judgement, 1626

The Clubfooted boy - Jusepe de Ribera

The Clubfooted boy - Jusepe de Ribera

Jacob's Dream - Jusepe de Ribera

Jacob's Dream - Jusepe de Ribera

St. Thomas

St. Thomas

St. Peter, 1637

St. Peter, 1637

St. Francis of Assisi, 1643

St. Francis of Assisi, 1643

Saint Peter

Saint Peter

St. Roch, 1631

St. Roch, 1631

St. Sebastian, 1651

St. Sebastian, 1651

St. Agnes in Prison, 1641

St. Agnes in Prison, 1641

Portrait of a Knight of the Order of Santiago, 1640

Portrait of a Knight of the Order of Santiago, 1640

St. Mary Magdalene or St. Thais in the Desert - Jusepe de Ribera

St. Mary Magdalene or St. Thais in the Desert - Jusepe de Ribera

St. Paul the Hermit, 1647

St. Paul the Hermit, 1647

Christ in the Crown of Thorns

Christ in the Crown of Thorns

Drunken Silenus, 1626

Drunken Silenus, 1626

Saint Sebastian Attended by Saint Irene, 1628

Saint Sebastian Attended by Saint Irene, 1628

Flagellation of Christ

Flagellation of Christ

Saint Simeon with the Christ child, 1647

Saint Simeon with the Christ child, 1647

Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew, 1634

Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew, 1634

Saint Paul, 1637

Saint Paul, 1637

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