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13/10/2016

The principle of composition

Color Durability | Making Color Charts | "Man-made" Composition Rules | The Principles of Composition
Color durability

In addition to purple, I use a variety of colors in the normal conditions are durable. I said the normal conditions, the first is to comply with the protection of painting procedures, including the use of varnish water; the second is not to direct exposure to sunlight or by gas corrosion, not on the radiator or other heat source above, Of the people to wipe it. I tested all the colors (direct exposure to sunlight for three months), only purple some change, when it is thin or coated with other color tone color will fade. So the purple-red can only be used in sufficient concentration.

Make a color chart

In the art school, through a series of color charts to understand the various attributes of color, such as concentration, drying time, color, blending characteristics.

The first chart includes all ten pigments extruded directly from the hose. In a small piece of canvas on the separation of 50 small squares, each column 10 grid, each row of five cells. The top row consists of light cadmium yellow to black in order of ten colors. Then, in the following columns add white, the number of increments, the formation of five color levels. That is, the first column is a solid color, the second column is a lighter color, the third column is an intermediate tone between solid and white, the fourth column is another lighter color, and the bottom column is closer to white.

Then prepare nine charts, each with nine cells, five cells per row. In the second chart, the first color - light yellow cadmium and the remaining nine colors blending, mainly yellow, the first column of the first column is light cadmium yellow and yellow, the second cell is light cadmium yellow And cadmium red. The third grid is light cadmium yellow and rose soil red, and so on, until the black. Then, as the first chart, these mixtures are made into five shades. In the third chart is the main color of soil yellow, with the same method with the remaining nine colors blending. After ten charts are made, each one has a color as the main color.

The purpose of these charts is to understand all the colors and their five different hues that may be produced by the blending of these colors. The ten color charts can produce 455 mixtures in sequence. If additional colors are added to the ten basic colors, the resulting mixture may be more than 1600. The number can even be increased because the dark colors can be divided into nine hues rather than five hues.

The above-mentioned production process is very complicated, but when the chart is made, the color of knowledge is very rich. The whole production process took a few weeks, and when I was bored in the production, Professor Moss Bay encouraged me to say that the past (undoubtedly the nineteenth century, the twenties) Antwerp (Note) Some people have made 14,000 senior college A variety of colors do not color table!

If the color is hard to say, then the composition is almost impossible to talk about the. Partly because, for nearly a century, the so-called "modern movement", the majority of the composition of the traditional rules and laws seem to have been abandoned. As the "modern movement" has a long history and important status, I think it can be properly regarded as the college art of our time (I do not know how, "National Institute of Modern Art" in I am quite interesting, although some people think it Also not interesting).

In any case, in fact, some of the strict definition of composition, after all, does not exist, at least temporarily does not exist (I said composition refers to the painting, not the decorative pattern). One day, after two or three generations, they will surely be restored and praised, as is often the case. However, in the present, many of them have not been lost, at least I was not lost. In the painting to note the symmetry, symmetry, force symmetry, golden law, balance, rhythm, color, fade, diagonal, concentrated line, radiation, the same area, repeat parallel lines, and all other classical art Rules, laws and formulas, these are enough for you to do.

Note: Antwerp, a place in northern Belgium, which is the fifteenth century, the center of Flanders art (translator)

"Man - made" composition rules

When I faced a blank canvas, I would naturally consider the question of where to put something. Since I gave up some of the rules and concepts that I thought were "artificial", I felt that it was much easier to make decisions on composition . For me, the only rule for composition is that there are no rules. In the final analysis, my standard is very simple, is to see the final effect is not to make me like.

The composition can not be done by the so-called "rules of composition", but I would like to cite here some of the rules and concepts I call "artificial", which include the following: there are "good" tastes and " Bad "; some things are inherently beautiful, while others are ugly or mean; a sketch or painting must be in space is balanced; can not be arranged in the center of the rectangle anything; a picture of Each rectangle has its "aesthetic" center point, in a composition can not be only two elements, but to have three or five; if you can not avoid the two-hour , They must have a different size, shape, color or color; some lines and colors with joy, sadness, calm, tragedy, peace, excitement and other inherent nature.

These articles can continue to be enumerated, but they all share two things in common: first, that many artists have taken them very seriously (and still); second, they are outdated and unreasonable, despite their In some tough looks logical.

The principle of composition

Although the rules of composition vary with the times and the genre of art, the basic principles of these rules, including those developed by the Modern Movement and the classical school, are still irrelevant. In the painting, these principles first attract the attention of viewers, followed by the viewer attention to the important areas of the painting, and finally make it as long as possible to the viewer with a long time attractive. I thought it was legal to use any method or means to achieve this purpose.

Examining my own paintings and the paintings of the artists who have had a profound effect on them, I can see that they often have the advantage of several compositions. The first is the overall simplicity. Even the strongest composition (no matter how big or complicated) is basically simple.

What is relevant to simplicity is harmony - the use of a single drawing element to form a unified composition. In most cases, the use of light on the object (if there is only one light source) is a natural unity factor. Equally important in harmony is the unity of tone, the area of u200bu200bcolor, the formation of the overall lines, careful handling of the sidelines, as well as a dominant to all these factors cleverly combined.

The third principle is subtle. If the composition of a painting at a glance, it would not achieve the desired results. Like other elements of painting, such as color, form, and subject matter, composition is an integral part of the work as a whole. In the body painting (except purely decorative painting) each factor should be subordinate to the object temperament.

On the composition of the problem to speak more, you have to develop a number of rules, and I was against the rules. But last, I would like to point out that this is not to limit the possibility of any composition. In the simple, harmonious and subtle premise, there is room for innovation in the composition, can use the new method to observe. If possible, a painter should be in the composition from the "reliable", "real", "safe" box jumped out. Although the use of traditional old methods is not harmful (I also use), but try some new methods will never be lost.Color Durability | Making Color Charts | "Man-made" Composition Rules | The Principles of Composition
Color durability

In addition to purple, I use a variety of colors in the normal conditions are durable. I said the normal conditions, the first is to comply with the protection of painting procedures, including the use of varnish water; the second is not to direct exposure to sunlight or by gas corrosion, not on the radiator or other heat source above, Of the people to wipe it. I tested all the colors (direct exposure to sunlight for three months), only purple some change, when it is thin or coated with other color tone color will fade. So the purple-red can only be used in sufficient concentration.

Make a color chart

In the art school, through a series of color charts to understand the various attributes of color, such as concentration, drying time, color, blending characteristics.

The first chart includes all ten pigments extruded directly from the hose. In a small piece of canvas on the separation of 50 small squares, each column 10 grid, each row of five cells. The top row consists of light cadmium yellow to black in order of ten colors. Then, in the following columns add white, the number of increments, the formation of five color levels. That is, the first column is a solid color, the second column is a lighter color, the third column is an intermediate tone between solid and white, the fourth column is another lighter color, and the bottom column is closer to white.

Then prepare nine charts, each with nine cells, five cells per row. In the second chart, the first color - light yellow cadmium and the remaining nine colors blending, mainly yellow, the first column of the first column is light cadmium yellow and yellow, the second cell is light cadmium yellow And cadmium red. The third grid is light cadmium yellow and rose soil red, and so on, until the black. Then, as the first chart, these mixtures are made into five shades. In the third chart is the main color of soil yellow, with the same method with the remaining nine colors blending. After ten charts are made, each one has a color as the main color.

The purpose of these charts is to understand all the colors and their five different hues that may be produced by the blending of these colors. The ten color charts can produce 455 mixtures in sequence. If additional colors are added to the ten basic colors, the resulting mixture may be more than 1600. The number can even be increased because the dark colors can be divided into nine hues rather than five hues.

The above-mentioned production process is very complicated, but when the chart is made, the color of knowledge is very rich. The whole production process took a few weeks, and when I was bored in the production, Professor Moss Bay encouraged me to say that the past (undoubtedly the nineteenth century, the twenties) Antwerp (Note) Some people have made 14,000 senior college A variety of colors do not color table!

If the color is hard to say, then the composition is almost impossible to talk about the. Partly because, for nearly a century, the so-called "modern movement", the majority of the composition of the traditional rules and laws seem to have been abandoned. As the "modern movement" has a long history and important status, I think it can be properly regarded as the college art of our time (I do not know how, "National Institute of Modern Art" in I am quite interesting, although some people think it Also not interesting).

In any case, in fact, some of the strict definition of composition, after all, does not exist, at least temporarily does not exist (I said composition refers to the painting, not the decorative pattern). One day, after two or three generations, they will surely be restored and praised, as is often the case. However, in the present, many of them have not been lost, at least I was not lost. In the painting to note the symmetry, symmetry, force symmetry, golden law, balance, rhythm, color, fade, diagonal, concentrated line, radiation, the same area, repeat parallel lines, and all other classical art Rules, laws and formulas, these are enough for you to do.

Note: Antwerp, a place in northern Belgium, which is the fifteenth century, the center of Flanders art (translator)

"Man - made" composition rules

When I faced a blank canvas, I would naturally consider the question of where to put something. Since I gave up some of the rules and concepts that I thought were "artificial", I felt that it was much easier to make decisions on composition . For me, the only rule for composition is that there are no rules. In the final analysis, my standard is very simple, is to see the final effect is not to make me like.

The composition can not be done by the so-called "rules of composition", but I would like to cite here some of the rules and concepts I call "artificial", which include the following: there are "good" tastes and " Bad "; some things are inherently beautiful, while others are ugly or mean; a sketch or painting must be in space is balanced; can not be arranged in the center of the rectangle anything; a picture of Each rectangle has its "aesthetic" center point, in a composition can not be only two elements, but to have three or five; if you can not avoid the two-hour , They must have a different size, shape, color or color; some lines and colors with joy, sadness, calm, tragedy, peace, excitement and other inherent nature.

These articles can continue to be enumerated, but they all share two things in common: first, that many artists have taken them very seriously (and still); second, they are outdated and unreasonable, despite their In some tough looks logical.



Although the rules of composition vary with the times and the genre of art, the basic principles of these rules, including those developed by the Modern Movement and the classical school, are still irrelevant. In the painting, these principles first attract the attention of viewers, followed by the viewer attention to the important areas of the painting, and finally make it as long as possible to the viewer with a long time attractive. I thought it was legal to use any method or means to achieve this purpose.

Examining my own paintings and the paintings of the artists who have had a profound effect on them, I can see that they often have the advantage of several compositions. The first is the overall simplicity. Even the strongest composition (no matter how big or complicated) is basically simple.

What is relevant to simplicity is harmony - the use of a single drawing element to form a unified composition. In most cases, the use of light on the object (if there is only one light source) is a natural unity factor. Equally important in harmony is the unity of tone, the area of u200bu200bcolor, the formation of the overall lines, careful handling of the sidelines, as well as a dominant to all these factors cleverly combined.

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The third principle is subtle. If the composition of a painting at a glance, it would not achieve the desired results. Like other elements of painting, such as color, form, and subject matter, composition is an integral part of the work as a whole. In the body painting (except purely decorative painting) each factor should be subordinate to the object temperament.

On the composition of the problem to speak more, you have to develop a number of rules, and I was against the rules. But last, I would like to point out that this is not to limit the possibility of any composition. In the simple, harmonious and subtle premise, there is room for innovation in the composition, can use the new method to observe. If possible, a painter should be in the composition from the "reliable", "real", "safe" box jumped out. Although the use of traditional old methods is not harmful (I also use), but try some new methods will never be lost.