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12/10/2015

Edward Hopper

"Edward Hopper (July 22, 1882 – May 15, 1967) was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While he was most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. Both in his urban and rural scenes, his spare and finely calculated renderings reflected his personal vision of modern American life
Hopper was born in Upper Nyack, New York, a yacht-building center on the Hudson River north of New York City. He was one of two children of a comfortably well-off, middle-class family. His parents, of mostly Dutch ancestry, were Elizabeth Griffiths Smith and Garret Henry Hopper, a dry-goods merchant. Although not so successful as his forebears, Garrett provided well for his two children with considerable help from his wife's inheritance. He retired at age forty-nine. Edward and his only sister Marion attended both private and public schools. They were raised in a strict Baptist home. His father had a mild nature, and the household was dominated by women: Hopper's mother, grandmother, sister, and maid.

His birthplace and boyhood home was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000. and is now the Edward Hopper House Art Center. It serves as a nonprofit community cultural center featuring exhibitions, workshops, lectures, performances, and special events.

Hopper was a good student in grade school and showed talent in drawing at age five. He readily absorbed his father's intellectual tendencies and love of French and Russian cultures. He also demonstrated his mother's artistic heritage. Hopper's parents encouraged his art and kept him amply supplied with materials, instructional magazines, and illustrated books. By his teens, he was working in pen-and-ink, charcoal, watercolor, and oil—drawing from nature as well as making political cartoons. In 1895, he created his first signed oil painting, Rowboat in Rocky Cove. It shows his early interest in nautical subjects.

In his early self-portraits, Hopper tended to represent himself as skinny, ungraceful, and homely. Though a tall and quiet teenager, his prankish sense of humor found outlet in his art, sometimes in depictions of immigrants or of women dominating men in comic situations. Later in life, he mostly depicted women as the figures in his paintings. In high school, he dreamed of being a naval architect, but after graduation he declared his intention to follow an art career. Hopper's parents insisted that he study commercial art to have a reliable means of income. In developing his self-image and individualistic philosophy of life, Hopper was influenced by the writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson. He later said, ""I admire him greatly...I read him over and over again.""

Hopper began art studies with a correspondence course in 1899. Soon he transferred to the New York School of Art and Design, the forerunner of Parsons The New School for Design. There he studied for six years, with teachers including William Merritt Chase, who instructed him in oil painting. Early on, Hopper modeled his style after Chase and French masters Édouard Manet and Edgar Degas. Sketching from live models proved a challenge and a shock for the conservatively raised Hopper.

Another of his teachers, artist Robert Henri, taught life class. Henri encouraged his students to use their art to ""make a stir in the world"". He also advised his students, ""It isn't the subject that counts but what you feel about it"" and ""Forget about art and paint pictures of what interests you in life."" In this manner, Henri influenced Hopper, as well as notable future artists George Bellows and Rockwell Kent. He encouraged them to imbue a modern spirit in their work. Some artists in Henri's circle, including John Sloan, became members of ""The Eight"", also known as the Ashcan School of American Art. Hopper's first existing oil painting to hint at his famous interiors was Solitary Figure in a Theater (c.1904). During his student years, he also painted dozens of nudes, still life studies, landscapes, and portraits, including his self-portraits.

In 1905, Hopper landed a part-time job with an advertising agency, where he created cover designs for trade magazines. Hopper came to detest illustration. He was bound to it by economic necessity until the mid-1920s. He temporarily escaped by making three trips to Europe, each centered in Paris, ostensibly to study the emerging art scene there. In fact, however, he studied alone and seemed mostly unaffected by the new currents in art. Later he said that he ""didn't remember having heard of Picasso at all."" He was highly impressed by Rembrandt, particularly his Night Watch, which he said was ""the most wonderful thing of his I have seen; it's past belief in its reality.""

Hopper began painting urban and architectural scenes in a dark palette. Then he shifted to the lighter palette of the Impressionists before returning to the darker palette with which he was comfortable. Hopper later said, ""I got over that and later things done in Paris were more the kind of things I do now."" Hopper spent much of his time drawing street and café scenes, and going to the theater and opera. Unlike many of his contemporaries who imitated the abstract cubist experiments, Hopper was attracted to realist art. Later, he admitted to no European influences other than French engraver Charles Méryon, whose moody Paris scenes Hopper imitated."
Edward Hopper Paintings

 

edward hopper the lee shore painting 13595

edward hopper the lee shore painting 13595

New York Movie

New York Movie

Dauphinee House

Dauphinee House

edward hopper funell of trawler painting 13547

edward hopper funell of trawler painting 13547

Hotel Lobby

Hotel Lobby

November Washington Square

November Washington Square

Reclining Nude

Reclining Nude

edward hopper summer interior painting 13587

edward hopper summer interior painting 13587

edward hopper tables for ladies painting 22733

edward hopper tables for ladies painting 22733

edward hopper the wine shop painting 13604

edward hopper the wine shop painting 13604

edward hopper apartment houses painting 13524

edward hopper apartment houses painting 13524

edward hopper hotel by a railroad painting 13551

edward hopper hotel by a railroad painting 13551

edward hopper the circle theatre painting 13594

edward hopper the circle theatre painting 13594

Italian Quarter Gloucester

Italian Quarter Gloucester

Seven A.M.

Seven A.M.

edward hopper stairway at 48 rue de lille paris painting 13583

edward hopper stairway at 48 rue de lille paris painting 13583

edward hopper the mansard roof painting 13598

edward hopper the mansard roof painting 13598

El Palacio

El Palacio

Cape Cod Evening detail

Cape Cod Evening detail

edward hopper dawn in pennsylvania painting 13536

edward hopper dawn in pennsylvania painting 13536

edward hopper jo painting 13614

edward hopper jo painting 13614

edward hopper room in new york painting 13606

edward hopper room in new york painting 13606

Drug Store

Drug Store

edward hopper compartment car painting 13612

edward hopper compartment car painting 13612

Office in a Small City

Office in a Small City

Sunlight in a Cafeteria

Sunlight in a Cafeteria

edward hopper house by the railroad painting 13556

edward hopper house by the railroad painting 13556

Night Windows

Night Windows

The El Station

The El Station

edward hopper cape cod afternoon painting 13527

edward hopper cape cod afternoon painting 13527

edward hopper carolina morning painting 13529

edward hopper carolina morning painting 13529

Sunlight on Brownstones

Sunlight on Brownstones

edward hopper august in the city painting 13525

edward hopper august in the city painting 13525

edward hopper first branch of the white river vermont painting 13545

edward hopper first branch of the white river vermont painting 13545

Rooms by the sea

Rooms by the sea

Second Story Sunlight

Second Story Sunlight

edward hopper intermission painting 13558

edward hopper intermission painting 13558

New York Corne

New York Corne

Western Motel

Western Motel

East River

East River

edward hopper adam s house painting 13608

edward hopper adam s house painting 13608

edward hopper sun in an empty room painting 13589

edward hopper sun in an empty room painting 13589

Summertime

Summertime

Two on the Aisle

Two on the Aisle

edward hopper a woman in the sun painting 13519

edward hopper a woman in the sun painting 13519

08/05/2015

Artist Viola Sado

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Artist Viola Sado

Flower picturesque splendor of the artist Viola Sado, Poland.

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06/05/2015

Nikolai Blokhin. Portrait, figurative.

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Nikolai Blokhin. Portrait, figurative.


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Carnival. Triptych.

 


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Patricia and Margo from the Taos tribe.

 


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In Memory of Velaskes.

 


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Venice 2.

 


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Seller wonders (Wonder 'seller).

 


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Lilac.

 

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Venetian.

 

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Princess Sofia.

 


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Little Stacey.

 


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The Oriental Beauty.

 


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Isabella.

 

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Nightingale the Robber.

 


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Girl with Flowers.

 


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Mummy's Darling.

 

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Nikolai Blokhin Immanuel.

 

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Princess and Her Harlequin.

 


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Anastacia.

 


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Nikolai Blokhin Youth.

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Girl Harlequin.


Also see. Other positions o the works of Nikolai Blokhin: